Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located in the lower rectum and anus. Think of varicose veins but in a more uncomfortable location. They can be external and develop underneath the skin surrounding the anus, or internal, and occur right inside the rectum. Approximately three in four adults would develop hemorrhoids at some point in their life. Likewise, different things could cause hemorrhoids, but the cause might not be determined, in most cases.
The good news is that effective treatment options are out there and lots of individuals get relief from their symptoms with lifestyle modifications and home care. Otherwise, you can consult with one of our gastroenterologists here at Digestive Medicine Associates in our Coral Gables, Hialeah, Kendall, Pembroke Pines, or Miami, FL, location to figure out how to get rid of your hemorrhoids.
Common Causes of Hemorrhoids
The veins surrounding the anus are prone to stretching when they’re under pressure and could swell and bulge. That being said, hemorrhoids could develop due to elevated pressure in your lower rectum because of:
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea
- Excessive strain during bowel movements
- Being obese
- Sitting for a prolonged time on the toilet
- Being pregnant
- A diet low in fiber
- Regular heavy lifting
- Anal intercourse
- Age—your risk of developing hemorrhoids increases as you age because your anus and rectum’s tissue veins could stretch and weaken.
Complications of Hemorrhoids
While rare, hemorrhoids could result in the following complications:
- A Strangulated Hemorrhoid. When an internal hemorrhoid’s blood supply is cut off, it could be strangulated and cause excruciating pain.
- In rare cases, chronic loss of blood to hemorrhoids could result in anemia, in which the body doesn’t have sufficient healthy RBCs or red blood cells for supplying your cells with oxygen.
- Blood Clot. In some cases, a clot could form inside the hemorrhoid and cause extreme pain. This may have to be opened and drained.
When to Consult Your Gastroenterologist
If you experience bleeding whenever you pass a stool or your hemorrhoids don’t improve even with proper home care, consult your gastroenterologist in our Hialeah, Kendall, Coral Gables, Pembroke Pines, or Miami, FL, office. Never assume that bleeding is coming from your hemorrhoids, particularly if it’s accompanied by changes in your bowel habits and/or changes in the consistency or color of your stools.
It’s crucial to note that rectal bleeding could happen with other more serious diseases such as anal cancer and colorectal cancer. Additionally, you should obtain emergency help if you have excessive rectal bleeding and faintness, dizziness, or lightheadedness.
Need Hemorrhoid Relief? We Can Help
Reach out to us here at Digestive Medicine Associates to schedule a consultation with one of our gastroenterologists. You can reach our Hialeah, Coral Gables, Miami, and Pembroke Pines, FL, offices at (305) 822-4107.